Kalamos & Kastos

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Kalamos is an island of the Ionian Sea, located Southeast (SE) of Lefkada island, between Meganisi on the West Northwest (WNW), Kastos on the South Southeast (SSE) and the coast of Akarnania on the North Northeast (NNE).

Kalamos has a longitudinal shape covering an area of 25 square kilometres. It is ranked 7th in size of the seven major islands of the Ionian Sea (so-called Eptanisos) and 59th of the country’s islands. The island’s extreme geographical points are the capes of Kefali (NW), Asprogiali (NE) and Trachila (NW). The distance from SW to NE is 12 km. The maximum altitude is 745 m. (Vouni summit) situated almost at the island’s center.

The island is attached administratively to the District of Lefkada of the Prefecture of Lefkada. It has one community and two settlements; Kalamos on the northwest side and Episkopi at its northern shore. The island’s population (according to the 2001 census) is 465 people.

The area is mountainous, with one mountain running through its entire length. The island’s shores are rocky and mostly harbourless.

They form two relatively large coves:

A. Gerolimionas, on their NW part,
B. The Porto Leone harbour, on their NE part. Close to the SW part of the island the Formikoula skerry is located.

Kastos (Greek: Καστός) is a Greek island and a former community east of the island of Lefkada, Ionian Islands, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Lefkada, of which it is a municipal unit. Until the mid-1970s, the island was administered under the Kefalonia prefecture with Ithaca. Its nearest island is Kalamos, with a deep channel between them; the mainland is approximately 5 kilometres (3 miles) to the northeast in Aetolia-Acarnania.

Kastos has a school (where is now the offices of the local community, since the last students graduated in 1981), a church and a square (plateia), its nearest lyceum (middle school) and gymnasium (secondary school) is in Aetolia-Acarnania but most of its students attend school in Nydri (on the island of Lefkada).

The island has only one village, the homonymous Kastos, located on its east coast. It has a population of about 120, involved mainly in fishing and tourism services.

During the summer Kastioti of the diaspora return for holidays and, together with the fluctuating visitors arriving on yachts, form its seasonal character.

The island is 7 km (4 mi) long from north to south, and 800 m wide. The area is 5.901 square kilometres (2.278 sq mi) and its highest point is 142 metres (466 feet) over the Mediterranean Sea level.